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Tuesday, February 27, 2018

Grammatical Sentence Types

Grammatical Sentence Types

Sentences can be classified in a number of ways—grammatically, rhetorically, functionally, and so on.
A group of words that may have a subject or a verb, but not both. (ex: in the beginningto grow uprunning around the room).
Dependent Clause:
A group of words that contains a subject and verb but does not express a complete thought. A dependent clause cannot be a sentence. Dependent clauses are sometimes referred to as subordinate clauses.
Independent Clause:
A group of words that contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought. An independent clause is a sentence. Independent clauses are sometimes referred to as mainclauses.
For more information on dependent and independent clauses, see the handout from the Purdue University Online Writing Lab, which is where I got the above definitions.
Here’s a quick rundown of the grammatical sentence types, along with an example or two of each.

Simple Sentence

The simple sentence has a single subject-verb pair. In other words, it has only one independent clause and no dependent clause. Example 1 below is obviously a simple sentence. Example 2’s single verb gives it away. But what about example 3? Isn’t it too long to be a simple sentence?


  1. Gokul wept.
  2. Johnny threw the ball across the street.
  3. In the early morning, just before the breaking of the dawn, two lonely wanderers stretched their weary limbs and peered out of their makeshift tent.
I italicized the third example’s subject-verb pair so you can see that it really is just a simple sentence. The groups of words that come before the main part of the sentence are prepositional phrases, neither of them having a subject or a verb. Also, while there are two verbs in the independent clause (“stretched” and “peered”), they are both paired up with the same subject.

Compound Sentence

A compound sentence has two or more independent clauses, but it has no dependent clauses. The independent clauses can be joined by a semicolon; they can also be joined by a comma and a coordinating conjunction (and, or nor, for, but, yet, so).


  1. Fred wanted to play basketball, but he didn’t make the team.
  2. He would never eat a tomato again, nor would he throw one.

Complex Sentence

Although a complex sentence has only one independent clause, it may have more than one dependent clauses.


  1. Nancy was thrilled to receive the shoes that she ordered through the internet.
  2. I didn’t know what to say when I heard the news.

Compound-Complex Sentence

A compound-complex sentence, which may be the most difficult type to write, has more than one independent clause, and it has at least one dependent clause.


  1. While Sally washed the dishes, John swept the floor, and James wiped the counters.
  2. Michael, who has been working on collaborative songwriting through the internet, thinks that the medium shows great promise, but Norah is not so sure about the quality that such an endeavor can produce.
Here’s a little table to show you the sentence types at a glance.
Number of Clauses by Sentence Type


simple sentence can be converted into a complex sentence by expanding a word or phrase into a subordinate clause - which can be a noun clause, an adjective clause or an adverb clause.
Noun clause
He liked my suggestion. (Simple sentence)
He liked what I suggested. (Complex sentence)
His advice did not prove successful. (Simple sentence)
What he advised did not prove successful. (Complex sentence)
Note that it is usually a noun or a noun equivalent that can be changed into a noun clause.
Adjective clause
There I saw a beautiful girl. (Simple sentence)
There I saw a girl who was beautiful. (Complex sentence)
A wounded tiger is very fierce. (Simple sentence)
A tiger that is wounded is very fierce. (Complex sentence)
You can notice that it is adjectives or adjective equivalents or appositional words or phrases that are generally converted into adjective clauses.
Adverb clauses
She was too poor to educate her children. (Simple sentence)
She was so poor that she could not educate her children. (Compound sentence)
On being challenged they ran away. (Simple sentence)
When they were challenged they ran away. (Complex sentence)
You will have noticed that it is adverb phrases and adverbs that are converted to adverb clauses.
Convert the following simple sentences into complex sentences by changing the italicized words or phrases into clauses.
1. John admitted his guilt.
2. The principal is likely to punish him.
3. I have informed him of his success.
4. Alice is a said to be a good doctor.
5. His looks proclaim his innocence.
1. John admitted that he was guilty.
2. It is likely that the principal will punish him.
3. I have informed him that he has succeeded.
4. It is said that Alice is a good doctor.
5. His looks proclaim that he is innocent.


147 Words to Use Instead of 'Very' (Infographic)
Source: www.grammarcheck.net

Monday, January 8, 2018


Any language is used for communication. Our thoughts are shared by written or  oral communicative sentences. A sentence comprises of words arranged in proper order. So, learning "Parts of Speech" is essential for learning fundamental grammar.
There are 9 parts of speech in English grammar. They are 
1. Noun

2. Pronoun


4. Determiner

5. Verb

6. Adverb

7. Preposition

8. Conjunction

9. Interjection

In British Grammar the determiners are included in adjectives. 
Hence we have 8 Parts of Speech according to British Grammar.

Friday, September 22, 2017


Image result for helen keller and anne sullivan at the water pump

Helen Keller was born in Alabama in 1880. When she was less than 2 years old, she became very ill. While she recovered from her illness, she lost her eyesight and hearing. When Helen was 7, her parents hired a teacher for her. The teacher, Annie Sullivan, was able to bring Helen out of her dark, silent world by teaching her sign language. Helen would feel each sign with her fingers to determine the meaning. Helen Keller would go on to be a writer, lecturer and activist.
1.     Where was Helen Keller born?
2.     How old was Helen Keller when she lost her eyesight and hearing?
3.     Who was Helen Keller’s teacher?

“Because” And “Because Of” Grammar Exercise

Image result for because
“Because” And “Because Of” Grammar Exercise

Fill in the blanks with “because” or “because of”

1. We got into trouble ............................... you.
because of
2. We cancelled the trip ............................. bad weather.
because of
3. We hurried indoors ....................... it was raining.
because of
4. She passed the test .................................. her teacher.
because of
5. She passed the test .......................... she had a good teacher.
because of
6. I couldn't arrive on time .............................. I had missed the train.
because of
7. He can't walk .................................. arthritis.
because of
8. She didn't pass the test .......................... she hadn't studied well.
because of
9. Thousands of people lost their jobs ............................ the recession.
because of
10. I couldn't understand him .......................... his strange accent.
because of
11. The government banned that movie ........................ the public opinion was against it.
because of
12. He met with an accident ......................... he was driving too fast.
because of
1. We got into trouble because of you.
2. We cancelled the trip because of bad weather.
3. We hurried indoors because it was raining.
4. She passed the test because of her teacher.
5. She passed the test because she had a good teacher.
6. I couldn’t arrive on time because I missed the train.
7. He can’t walk because of arthritis.
8. She didn’t pass the test because she hadn’t studied well.
9. Thousands of people lost their jobs because of the recession.
10. I couldn’t understand him because of his strange accent.
11. The government banned that movie because the public opinion was against it.
12. He met with an accident because he was driving too fast.