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Sunday, July 26, 2015

Correct the following sentences

Correct the following sentences

1. I have seen him yesterday.
2. We had gone to the movies last night.
3. I had spoken to them about my holiday.
4. You must attend your teacher’s instructions.
5. The hen has lain six eggs.
6. I have seen him a moment ago.
7. They discussed about the whole matter.
8. We are playing tennis every day.
9. He is sleeping for two hours.
10. Neither of the boys have returned.
1. I saw him yesterday. (We do not use the present perfect tense with past time expressions.)
2. We went to the movies last night.
3. I spoke to them about my holiday. (The past perfect tense is not used to say that something happened in the past. It is used to indicate the earlier of the two past actions.)
4. You must listen to your teacher’s instructions.
5. The hen has laid six eggs.
6. I saw him a moment ago.
7. They discussed the whole matter. (The verb discuss does not take a preposition.)
8. We play tennis every day. (We use the simple present tense to talk about our habits and general facts.)
9. He has been sleeping for two hours. (We use the present perfect continuous tense to show duration.)
10. Neither of the boys has returned. (After ‘either’ and ‘neither’ we use a singular verb.)

Saturday, July 25, 2015

The prepositions above and about

Image result for preposition

The prepositions above and about

About can mean in various directions or places.
  • Clothes were lying about the room.
  • The children were running about the garden.
About can also mean ‘near’ or ‘near by’.
  • Is anybody about?
The expression ‘How about?’ is used to ask someone what their opinion is. Note that after ‘how about’ we use a noun or an –ing form.
  • How about getting something to eat?
  • He is a rich guy but how about his character?
About can mean ‘roughly’.
  • It is about 3 o’clock.
  • There were about 50 students in the class.


The word above can be used as a preposition or an adverb. ‘Above’ means ‘higher than’, ‘greater than’ or ‘more than’.
  • She is above average in intelligence.
  • The water rose above my knees.
If you think you are above something, you are too proud to do it.
  • He thinks he is above mingling with us. (= He is too proud to mingle with us.)
  • Nobody is above law.
If something is above you, it is too difficult for you.
  • Einstein’s theories have always been above me. (= I have always had difficulty understanding Einstein’s theories.)
If a business deal is above board, it is thoroughly honest.

Tuesday, July 21, 2015


Sentence Pattern:
What is sentence pattern?Systematic arrangement of words in a sentence meaningfully is sentence pattern.There are five basic patterns. They are:1.
SV ( Subject + Verb )2.
SVO ( Subject + Verb + Object )3.
SVIODO ( Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object )4.
SVC ( Subject + Verb + Complement )5.
SVOC ( Subject + Verb + Object + Complement )
Subject is a word or group of words in a sentence about which something issaid.
Verb is a word or phrase expressing existence, action or occurrence.
Complement is a word or phrase that usually come after a
verbsuch as am, is, are, was and were to make the sense complete. SometimesCOMPLEMENT comes after certain verbs such as become, turn, look, appear, feel, etc.
Object is a word or phrase in a sentence towards which the action of theverbal element is directed.If there are two objects in a sentence, the answer for the question
I. SV ( Subject + Verb )Subject
The bird flies.The cattle are grazing.The boy ran.The girl was dancing.It will rain.
II. SVO ( Subject + Verb + Object )Subject
 The man sold his house.
My father is buying new car.His uncle runs business.Rahul loves his mother.Madan spent all his money
III. SVIODO ( Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object )Subject Verb Indirect Object Direct Object
 The teacher taught us grammar.My mother presented my friend gift.Rakesh wrote to his parents letter.My friend sent me messageSarvesh gave her advice.
IV. SVC ( Subject + Verb + Complement )Subject Verb Complement
The rose is flower.Football is game.Monica looked bewilderedRajan remained bachelor.Mr. Kamalesh is an LIC agent.
V. SVOC ( Subject + Verb + Object + Complement )Subject Verb Object Complement
The parents named the child Angeline.The Committee elected Krish their leader.He painted his house yellow.They appointed him the captainThis programme will keep the audience spell bound.
Note: There are 144 patterns totally. They can be formed adding “Adjunct” to the
basic patterns.ADJUNCT
is the optional element in the sentence.It answers the questions
How? Why? When? Where?
The removal of adjunct would not harm the sense of the sentence
VI. SVA ( Subject + Verb + Adjunct )Subject Verb Adjunct
Mahesh got up early.The Prime Minister arrives tomorrow.Mani writes beautifully.The accused will be tried next month.My father works in Bangalore.
( Subject + Verb + Object + Adjunct )Subject Verb Object Adjunct
The school organizes tour to North India.The new Principal stated his policy clearly.Everyone attends the meeting regularly.People throw the garbage on the road.My daughter plays key board very well.
( Subject + Verb + Object + Adjunct + Adjunct )Subject Verb Object Adjunct Adjunct
The peon rang the bell
at 5 o’ clock
in the evening.The court began its session late in the morning.The CEO will visit our school frequently this year.The poor received help from the government today.The Inspector enquired the criminal very pleasantly in the station.
( Subject + Verb + Object + Complement + Adjunct )Subject Verb Object Complement Adjunct
 The Rotarians elected Prabhakar President last month.They made Shankar the chief of the council.The parents named her Agnel through baptism.The committee made me secretary of the schoolThey painted the museum red purposely