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Tuesday, July 21, 2015

SENTENCE PATTERN




 
Sentence Pattern:
What is sentence pattern?Systematic arrangement of words in a sentence meaningfully is sentence pattern.There are five basic patterns. They are:1.
 
SV ( Subject + Verb )2.
 
SVO ( Subject + Verb + Object )3.
 
SVIODO ( Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object )4.
 
SVC ( Subject + Verb + Complement )5.
 
SVOC ( Subject + Verb + Object + Complement )
SUBJECT:
Subject is a word or group of words in a sentence about which something issaid.
VERB:
Verb is a word or phrase expressing existence, action or occurrence.
COMPLEMENT:
Complement is a word or phrase that usually come after a
be
verbsuch as am, is, are, was and were to make the sense complete. SometimesCOMPLEMENT comes after certain verbs such as become, turn, look, appear, feel, etc.
OBJECT:
Object is a word or phrase in a sentence towards which the action of theverbal element is directed.If there are two objects in a sentence, the answer for the question
 WHAT?
is
DIRECT OBJECT(DO)
and
 WHOM?
is
INDIRECT OBJECT (IDO).
 
I. SV ( Subject + Verb )Subject
 
Verb
The bird flies.The cattle are grazing.The boy ran.The girl was dancing.It will rain.
II. SVO ( Subject + Verb + Object )Subject
 
Verb
 
Object
 The man sold his house.
 
My father is buying new car.His uncle runs business.Rahul loves his mother.Madan spent all his money
III. SVIODO ( Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object )Subject Verb Indirect Object Direct Object
 The teacher taught us grammar.My mother presented my friend gift.Rakesh wrote to his parents letter.My friend sent me messageSarvesh gave her advice.
IV. SVC ( Subject + Verb + Complement )Subject Verb Complement
The rose is flower.Football is game.Monica looked bewilderedRajan remained bachelor.Mr. Kamalesh is an LIC agent.
V. SVOC ( Subject + Verb + Object + Complement )Subject Verb Object Complement
The parents named the child Angeline.The Committee elected Krish their leader.He painted his house yellow.They appointed him the captainThis programme will keep the audience spell bound.
Note: There are 144 patterns totally. They can be formed adding “Adjunct” to the
basic patterns.ADJUNCT
is the optional element in the sentence.It answers the questions
How? Why? When? Where?
 
(Note:
The removal of adjunct would not harm the sense of the sentence
)
 
VI. SVA ( Subject + Verb + Adjunct )Subject Verb Adjunct
Mahesh got up early.The Prime Minister arrives tomorrow.Mani writes beautifully.The accused will be tried next month.My father works in Bangalore.
VII. SVOA
 
( Subject + Verb + Object + Adjunct )Subject Verb Object Adjunct
The school organizes tour to North India.The new Principal stated his policy clearly.Everyone attends the meeting regularly.People throw the garbage on the road.My daughter plays key board very well.
VIII. SVOAA
 
( Subject + Verb + Object + Adjunct + Adjunct )Subject Verb Object Adjunct Adjunct
The peon rang the bell
at 5 o’ clock
in the evening.The court began its session late in the morning.The CEO will visit our school frequently this year.The poor received help from the government today.The Inspector enquired the criminal very pleasantly in the station.
IX. SVOCA
 
( Subject + Verb + Object + Complement + Adjunct )Subject Verb Object Complement Adjunct
 The Rotarians elected Prabhakar President last month.They made Shankar the chief of the council.The parents named her Agnel through baptism.The committee made me secretary of the schoolThey painted the museum red purposely

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