Popular Posts

SLIDESHARE SHELF

Digital clock - DWR

Tuesday, July 21, 2015

SENTENCE PATTERN




 
Sentence Pattern:
What is sentence pattern?Systematic arrangement of words in a sentence meaningfully is sentence pattern.There are five basic patterns. They are:1.
 
SV ( Subject + Verb )2.
 
SVO ( Subject + Verb + Object )3.
 
SVIODO ( Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object )4.
 
SVC ( Subject + Verb + Complement )5.
 
SVOC ( Subject + Verb + Object + Complement )
SUBJECT:
Subject is a word or group of words in a sentence about which something issaid.
VERB:
Verb is a word or phrase expressing existence, action or occurrence.
COMPLEMENT:
Complement is a word or phrase that usually come after a
be
verbsuch as am, is, are, was and were to make the sense complete. SometimesCOMPLEMENT comes after certain verbs such as become, turn, look, appear, feel, etc.
OBJECT:
Object is a word or phrase in a sentence towards which the action of theverbal element is directed.If there are two objects in a sentence, the answer for the question
 WHAT?
is
DIRECT OBJECT(DO)
and
 WHOM?
is
INDIRECT OBJECT (IDO).
 
I. SV ( Subject + Verb )Subject
 
Verb
The bird flies.The cattle are grazing.The boy ran.The girl was dancing.It will rain.
II. SVO ( Subject + Verb + Object )Subject
 
Verb
 
Object
 The man sold his house.
 
My father is buying new car.His uncle runs business.Rahul loves his mother.Madan spent all his money
III. SVIODO ( Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object )Subject Verb Indirect Object Direct Object
 The teacher taught us grammar.My mother presented my friend gift.Rakesh wrote to his parents letter.My friend sent me messageSarvesh gave her advice.
IV. SVC ( Subject + Verb + Complement )Subject Verb Complement
The rose is flower.Football is game.Monica looked bewilderedRajan remained bachelor.Mr. Kamalesh is an LIC agent.
V. SVOC ( Subject + Verb + Object + Complement )Subject Verb Object Complement
The parents named the child Angeline.The Committee elected Krish their leader.He painted his house yellow.They appointed him the captainThis programme will keep the audience spell bound.
Note: There are 144 patterns totally. They can be formed adding “Adjunct” to the
basic patterns.ADJUNCT
is the optional element in the sentence.It answers the questions
How? Why? When? Where?
 
(Note:
The removal of adjunct would not harm the sense of the sentence
)
 
VI. SVA ( Subject + Verb + Adjunct )Subject Verb Adjunct
Mahesh got up early.The Prime Minister arrives tomorrow.Mani writes beautifully.The accused will be tried next month.My father works in Bangalore.
VII. SVOA
 
( Subject + Verb + Object + Adjunct )Subject Verb Object Adjunct
The school organizes tour to North India.The new Principal stated his policy clearly.Everyone attends the meeting regularly.People throw the garbage on the road.My daughter plays key board very well.
VIII. SVOAA
 
( Subject + Verb + Object + Adjunct + Adjunct )Subject Verb Object Adjunct Adjunct
The peon rang the bell
at 5 o’ clock
in the evening.The court began its session late in the morning.The CEO will visit our school frequently this year.The poor received help from the government today.The Inspector enquired the criminal very pleasantly in the station.
IX. SVOCA
 
( Subject + Verb + Object + Complement + Adjunct )Subject Verb Object Complement Adjunct
 The Rotarians elected Prabhakar President last month.They made Shankar the chief of the council.The parents named her Agnel through baptism.The committee made me secretary of the schoolThey painted the museum red purposely

SENTENCE PATTERNS WITH EXAMPLES


Abbreviations for important components in a sentence.
Subject (S)Verb (V)Object (O)
Complement (C)Adverbial (A)Direct Object (DO)
Indirect Object (IO)
There are basically five sentence patterns in English Grammar. They are
e.g.
SVSubject + Verb
SVOSubject + Verb + Object
SVIODOSubject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object
SVCSubject + Verb + Complement
SVOCSubject + Verb + Object + Complement

Note : Adjunct or Adverbial could be added to all these five patterns.
e.g.

Subject Verb Object Examples - (SVO)

S+V+O
I / finished / the work
I / like / puppies
David / scolded / the boy
We / received / the parcel
She / sings / a song
They / did / a lot of work
He / resembles / her father
Many students / witnessed / the play
The police / arrested / the thief
I / want / one of these books
I / love / England
Peter / secured / admission
A huntsman / pursued / a wild animal
Many critics / criticised / the play
My mother / is teaching / French
She / is / intelligent

Subject Verb Adverbial Examples - (SVA)

S+V+A
He / came / to the party
They / came / suddenly
It / is going / away
The train / arrived / late
They / will come / later
It / rained / last night
She / worked / in a second-hand bookshop
They / went / to the market
He / reads / slowly
The noise / feded / away

Subject Verb Complement Examples - (SVC)

S+V+C
They / are / players
Her father / is / a doctor
I / am / an Indian
The class / became / noisy
Her eyes / are / beautiful
Mother Teresa / is / India’s gift to the world
Our headmaster sideline / was / a lending library
The leaves / turn / yellow
Her dreams / have come / true
They / worked / hard
The tea / is getting / cold
It / was / a very pleasant talk

Adverbial Subject Verb Examples - (ASV)

A+S+V
Soon / we / wake up
Nicely / he / replied
fondly / she / asked
Yesterday / I / came
Tomorrow / she / leaves

Subject Verb Object Complement Examples - (SVOC)

S+V+O+C
They / made / him / captain
They / named / him / Robert
They / elected / him / president
They / elected / him / speaker
They / made / him / the Mayor
They / made / David / Chairman of the Rotary club
The news / made / his name / popular
She / made / him / happy
She / learnt / music / last year
She / got / her shoes / wet
She / recognised / him / as a genius
He / panted / the wall / white
England / declared / me / a jew
He / made / his son / a doctor

Subject Verb Indirect Object Direct Object Examples - (SVIODO)

S+V+IO+DO
We / whish / you / Happy new year
The principal / gave / him / the medal
He / gave / her / a watch
She / sold / him / her house
Paul / gave / his wife / a gift
The Headmaster / showed / her / the result
He / sent / us / some foreign stamps
The doctor / gave / her / medicine
Sarah / sent / Paul / a gift
She / offered / me / a firm hand shake
They / sold / him / pictures

Subject Verb Object Complement Adverbial Examples - (SVOCA)

S+V+O+C+A
She / made / her views / clear / at the outset
The company / appointed / him / clerck / last week
They / named / their baby / Sarah / in the church
They / took / the child, / unconscious / to the hospital
She / made / his intentions / clear / now
She / had made / his life / a success / long back
I / lost / my purse / with money / in the bus
The governor / has sworn / him / chief minister / yesterday

Subject Verb Object Adverbial Examples - (SVOA)

S+V+O+A
The boy / kicks / the ball / with force
She / made / a new dress / yesterday
The kidnapper / locked / the child / in a lonely house
He / threw / the chair / out
She / invited / the guests / to get in
They / played / the match / in broad daylight
The thieves / broke open / the lockers / in the bank
I / shall meet / you / at the railway station
You / will understand / the truth / one day
She / lost / her father / last week
She / shot / the tiger / at once
You / will understand / the truth / one day
He / wrote / a letter / from Paris
They / want / money / immediately
He / got / his shoes / wet
They / had / their lunch / in the late hours
He / felt / a hand / on his shoulder

Subject Verb Object Adverbial Adverbial Examples - (SVOAA)

S+V+O+A+A
I / met / Sarah / at the theatre / yesterday
He / practised / pistol shooting / in the firing range / in London
Everyone / relished / the dinner / in the hotel / yesterday
She / enjoyed / the music recital immensly / yesterday
They / pushed / the bus / from behind / to make it move
I / will close / the shop / early / today
The rider / brought / the news / typed / at night
He / left / the book / on the table / at once

Subject Verb Complement Adverbial Examples - (SVCA)

S+V+C+A
The child / fell / asleep / soon
You / seem / tried / to day
It / is / dark / everywhere
She / became / wise / thereafter
They / reached / home / late
The train / left / the station / on time
She / got / well / soon
He / became / popular / at once
I / am / a programmer / in this company
She / acts / well / at all times
My father / is / an engineer / in India
He / got / well / slowly
I / am / the principal / here
Dr.David / is / famous / in his locality
David / is / a doctor / at Paris
She / was made / the Mayor / last week
Mr.Obama / was elected / the President / last month

Adverbial Subject Verb Object Examples - (ASVO)

A+S+V+O
Everyday / she / was / late
In broad daylight, / she / fell / unconscious
Often / Akbar / got / mad
This year / she / is / the captain
During day time / he / is / an honest man

Adverbial Subject Verb Indirect Object Direct Object Examples - (ASVIODO)

A+S+V+IO+DO
Last night / She / gave / him / food
Last week / he / gave / his son / new shirts
Every day / she / teaches / them / science
Everywhere / people / gave / the President / a welcome
During lunch / I / served / him / ice-cream

Adverbial Subject Verb Object Complement Adverbial Examples - (ASVOCA)

A+S+V+O+C+A
In the end, / the judge / declared / the culprit / innocent, / after the trial
Yesterday / the man / murdered / a woman / in rags, / mercilessly
In ancient times / people / shot / deer / dead / in the forest
Last month / they / christened / the child, / John / in the Chruch
Next Sunday / we / will paint / the car / red / in the meeting
Every day / she / noticed / the poor, / half dead / in the street corners

Adverbial Adverbial Subject Verb Complement Examples - (AASVC)

A+A+S+V+C
In the prayer hall, / during whorship / they / are / silent
Every day, / in the hostel, / she / is / asleep
Next month, / in Bombay, / they / have / a meeting
Every week, / in her garden / she / is / at work
Last week, / in Paris, / she / worked / as a professor

Verb Object Examples - (VO)

V+O
Perdon / me.
Call / him.
Try / it.