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Monday, November 9, 2015

THE CONJUNCTION


THE CONJUNCTION
 A conjunction is a word or words used to connect sentence parts.

Coordinating Conjunction.
Three conjunctions used to connect related sentences, words, or phrases are and, but, and or. They are called coordinating conjunctions.

Correlative Conjunctions. 
A few conjunctions are used in pairs: not only . . . but (also); either . . . or; neither.....nor; both . . . and; whether . . . or. These conjunctions are called correlative conjunctions.

Subordinating Conjunctions. 
Words used to introduce adverb clauses are called subordinating conjunctions. These words not only introduce the subordinating clause but link it to the main clause. Their chief function is to make clear exactly what is the relation between the two clauses. The most common subordinating conjunctions are these:
 after     as though      provided     even though    whenever    although    because     since       unless where       as         before      so that       until       while       as if       if        though       when

Identifying Conjunctions.

Underline the conjunctions in the following sentences.

1. I've studied both French and Spanish in school.
2. Sally will be late for the party because she must work until nine.
3. Jim is not only class president, but he is also captain of the football team.
4. It has turned cool, although it's still very sunny.
5. Please tell me if you will be late for dinner.
 6. Either Laura or Sue will have the lead in the play.
7. We played tennis until it was too dark to see the ball.
8. Since Mr. Hays has just moved into the state, he can't vote in the election today.
9. Neither radio nor television offered any good programs last night.
10. After we went to the movie, we stopped for some pizza.
11. Please help us whenever you have the time.
12. I like to play bridge, but I can't keep score.
13. Helen looks as if she's seen a ghost.
14. Dan likes to play tennis and golf.
15. Though he didn't learn to play golf until he was forty, he became a good player.
16. While the teacher passed out the exam questions, Martha gazed out the window.
17. Let us know where you spend the first night of your vacation.
18. Mr. Clark walks as though he is exhausted.
19. Unless they put that coat on sale, I can't afford to buy it.
20. Let's start early in the day before it gets too hot.

WORKSHEET - CONJUNCTIONS


Conjunctions Practice Worksheet
A.  Match the sentence halves to make a complete sentence. Draw lines between the two.
Both Peter
Not only do we want to go
Either Jack will have to work more hours
That story was
Students who do well not only study hard
In the end he had to choose
but we have enough money.
neither true nor realistic.
and I are coming next week.
either his career or his hobby.
but also use their instincts if they do not know the answer.
or we will have to hire somebody new.
B.  Combine the following sentences into one sentence using paired conjunctions (conjunctions that go together).  Choose from the following options:  both ... and; not only ... but also; either ... or; neither ... nor
1.     We could fly. We could go by train.
______________________________________________________________________________________
2.     She will have to study hard. She will have to concentrate to do well on the exam.
______________________________________________________________________________________
3.     Jack is not here. Tom is in another city.
______________________________________________________________________________________
4.     The speaker will not confirm the story. The speaker will not deny the story.
______________________________________________________________________________________
5.     Pneumonia is a dangerous disease. Small pox is a dangerous illness.
______________________________________________________________________________________
6.     Fred loves traveling. Jane wants to go around the world.
______________________________________________________________________________________
7.     It might rain tomorrow. It might snow tomorrow.
______________________________________________________________________________________
8.     Playing tennis is good for your heart. Jogging is good for your health.
______________________________________________________________________________________

C.  Below you will find clauses that need a conjunction to create a compound sentence.  Choose the conjunction that makes the most sense in the sentence.
1.     You can come to the meeting ____ you can hear all the information.
a.     So
b.     Because
c.     While
d.     Until
e.     Nevertheless

2.     I’m not leaving _____ I get an apology from you.
a.     So
b.     Because
c.     While
d.     Until
e.     Nevertheless

3.     I came here _____ you could give me an explanation.
a.     So
b.     Because
c.     While
d.     Until
e.     Nevertheless

4.     Bob is very tall _____ Bill is very short.
a.     So
b.     Because
c.     While
d.     Until
e.     Nevertheless

5.     You look frightened _____ there is nothing to be scared of.
a.     So
b.     Because
c.     While
d.     Until
e.     But

6.     I refuse to pay anything _____ you do the work properly.
a.     So
b.     Because
c.     While
d.     Until
e.     But

7.     I’m going shopping for food this evening _____ I am having guests for dinner.
a.     But
b.     While
c.     Until
d.     Because
e.     So

8.     You seem happy _____ you are smiling all the time.
a.     But
b.     While
c.     So
d.     Because
e.     Nevertheless

9.     I don’t mind if you go out for lunch _____ we will take a break at noon.
a.     So
b.     Because
c.     While
d.     Until
e.     Therefore

10.   I don’t think she’s perfect for the job; _____ she’s certainly better qualified than Steve.
a.     Until
b.     Nevertheless
c.     While
d.     So

e.     Therefore

GRAMMAR EXERCISE - EVER AND NEVER


EVER AND NEVER | GRAMMAR EXERCISE

1. I have …………………. been to a foreign country.
a) ever
b) never
2. Have you …………………. seen her perform?
a) ever
b) never
3. Do you ……………….. go to Ireland on holiday?
a) ever
b) never
4. I shall ……………….. remember you.
a) always
b) ever
5. Do you ………………… go to live concerts?
a) ever
b) never
6. Nobody …………………. visits them.
a) never
b) ever
c) always
7. I have ………………… seen a ghost.
a) ever
b) never
c) always
8. I ………………….want to see you again.
a) ever
b) never
c) always
9. I don’t ………………. want to see you again.
a) always
b) ever
c) never
10. I hardly …………………. see my brother or sister.
a) ever
b) never
c) always
Answers
1. I have never been to a foreign country.
2. Have you ever seen her perform?
3. Do you ever go to Ireland on holiday?
4. I shall always remember you.
5. Do you ever go to live concerts?
6. Nobody ever visits them.
7. I have never seen a ghost.
8. I never want to see you again.
9. I don’t ever want to see you again.
10. I hardly ever see my brother or sister.


GRAMMAR EXERCISE - EARLY AND SOON


EARLY AND SOON | GRAMMAR EXERCISE
Complete the following sentences.
1. I don’t like to get up ………………..
a) early
b) soon
2. By Charlie, see you ………………
a) early
b) soon
3. Susie left her office at 6 o’clock, so she should be here ………………
a) early
b) soon
4. The government is expected to announce revised tax policies ………………..
a) early
b) soon
5. I arrived …………………
a) early
b) soon
6. Could you finish this job as ………………. as possible?
a) early
b) soon
7. She is in her ………………. twenties.
a) early
b) soon
8. My parents immigrated to Canada in the …………………… 1980s.
a) early
b) soon
9. Look at the sky. It is going to rain ………………….
a) early
b) soon
10. Get well ………………..
a) early
b) soon
Answers
1. I don’t like to get up early.
2. By Charlie, see you soon.
3. Susie left her office at 6 o’clock, so she should be here soon.
4. The government is expected to announce revised tax policiessoon.
5. I arrived early so I went for a walk.
6. Could you finish this job as soon as possible?
7. She is in her early twenties.
8. My parents immigrated to Canada in the early 1980s.
9. Look at the sky. It is going to rain soon.
10. Get well soon.