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Tuesday, June 21, 2016

DEFINITIONS – ALGORITHM & LEMMA


DEFINITIONS – ALGORITHM & LEMMA

ALGORITHM
An algorithm is a series of well defined steps which gives a procedure for solving a type of problem. The word algorithm comes from the name of the 9th century Persian mathematician al-Khwarizmi. In fact, even the word ‘algebra’ is derived from a book, he wrote, called Hisab al-jabr w’al-muqabala.

LEMMA

A lemma is a proven statement used for proving another statement.

Saturday, June 18, 2016

GAP FILLS


1. If you knew the answer, why …………………… you tell me?
a) don’t
b) didn’t
c) hadn’t
2. If it ……………….. Jeena why didn’t she stop and say Hi?
a) is
b) was
c) has
3. If you had listened to him, you ………………….. in trouble.
a) wouldn’t have landed
b) won’t have landed
c) won’t land
4. If I know his name, I ……………….. you.
a) will tell
b) would tell
c) had told
5. If she applied for that job, she …………………. it.
a) will get
b) would get
c) would have got
6. If she asked more politely, I ………………… her a few pounds.
a) will lend
b) would lend
c) would have lent
7. If you …………………. you will get cancer.
a) smoke
b) smoked
c) had smoked
8. If she …………………… now, we would be in trouble.
a) arrive
b) arrives
c) arrived
9. Feel free to call me if you ……………….. any help.
a) need
b) needed
c) would need
10. I ……………….. them if I had more time.
a) would visit
b) will visit
c) would have visited
Answers
1. If you knew the answer, why didn’t you tell me?
2. If it was Jeena why didn’t she stop and say Hi?
3. If you had listened to him, you wouldn’t have landed in trouble.
4. If I know his name, I will tell you.
5. If she applied for that job, she would get it.
6. If she asked more politely, I would lend her a few pounds.
7. If you smoke you will get cancer.
8. If she arrived now, we would be in trouble.
9. Feel free to call me if you need any help.
10. I would visit them if I had more time.

Tuesday, June 7, 2016

TYPES OF POEMS



TYPES OF POEMS
 There are many different types of poems.
ABC
A poem that has five lines that create a mood, picture, or feeling. Lines 1 through 4 are made up of words, phrases or clauses while the first word of each line is in alphabetical order. Line 5 is one sentence long and begins with any letter.
Acrostic
Poetry that contain letters, usually the first in each line form a word or message when read in a sequence.
Ballad
A poem that tells a story similar to a folk tail or legend which often has a repeated refrain.
Blank verse
A poem written in unrhymed iambic pentameter and is often unobtrusive. The iambic pentameter form often resembles the rhythms of speech.
Bio
A poem written about one self's life, personality traits, and ambitions.
Burlesque
Poetry that treats a serious subject as humor.
Canzone
Medieval Italian lyric style poetry with five or six stanzas and a shorter ending stanza.
Cinquain
Poetry with five lines. Line 1 has one word (the title). Line 2 has two words that describe the title. Line 3 has three words that tell the action. Line 4 has four words that express the feeling, and line 5 has one word which recalls the title.
Classicism
Poetry which holds the principles and ideals of beauty that are characteristic of Greek and Roman art, architecture, and literature.
Couplet
A couplet has rhyming stanzas made up of two lines.
Dramatic monologue type of poem which is spoken to a listener. The speaker addresses a specific topic while the listener unwittingly reveals details about him/herself.
Elegy
A sad and thoughtful poem about the death of an individual.
Epic
An extensive, serious poem that tells the story about a heroic figure.
Epigram
A very short, ironic and witty poem usually written as a brief couplet or quatrain. The term is derived from the Greek epigramma meaning inscription.
Epitaph
A commemorative inscription on a tomb or mortuary monument written to praise the deceased.
Epithalamium (Epithalamion)
A poem written in honour of the bride and groom.
Free verse
Poetry written in either rhyme or unrhymed lines that have no set fixed metrical pattern.
Haiku
A Japanese poem composed of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five more, usually containing a season word.
Iambic pentameter
One short syllable followed by one long one five sets in a row. Example: la-LAH la-LAH la-LAH la-LAH la-LAH
Italian sonnet
A sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba followed by six lines with a rhyme pattern of cdecde or cdcdcd.
Limerick
A short sometimes vulgar, humorous poem consisting of five anapestic lines. Lines 1, 2, and 5 have seven to ten syllables, rhyme and have the same verbal rhythm. The 3rd and 4th lines have five to seven syllables, rhyme and have the same rhythm.
List
A poem that is made up of a list of items or events. It can be any length and rhymed or unrhymed.
Lyric
A poem that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet.
Memoriam stanza
A quatrain in iambic tetrameter with a rhyme scheme of abba -- named after the pattern used by Lord Tennyson.
Name
            Poetry that tells about the word. It uses the letters of the word for the first letter of each line.
Narrative
A poem that tells a story.
Ode
A poem written in praise of someone or something
Pastoral
A poem that depicts rural life in a peaceful, romanticized way.
Petrarch an
A 14-line sonnet consisting of an octave rhyming abbaabba followed by a sestet of cddcee or cdecde
Rhyme
A rhyming poem has the repetition of the same or similar sounds of two or more words, often at the end of the line.
Rhyme royal
A type of poetry consisting of stanzas having seven lines in iambic pentameter.
Romanticism
A poem about nature and love while having emphasis on the personal experience.
Rondeau
A lyrical poem of French origin having 10 or 13 lines with two rhymes and with the opening phrase repeated twice as the refrain.
Senryu
A short Japanese style poem, similar to haiku in structure that treats human beings rather than nature: Often in a humorous or satiric way.
Sestina
A poem consisting of six six-line stanzas and a three-line envoy. The end words of the first stanza are repeated in varied order as end words in the other stanzas and also recur in the envoy.
Shakespearean
A 14-line sonnet consisting of three quatrains of abab cdcd efef followed by a couplet, gg. Shakespearean sonnets generally use iambic pentameter.
Shape
Poetry written in the shape or form of an object.
Sonnet
A lyric poem that consists of 14 lines which usually have one or more conventional rhyme schemes.
Tanka
A Japanese poem of five lines, the first and third composed of five syllables and the other seven.
Definition of a Stanza
          A Stanza consists of two or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem. The stanzas of a poem are usually of the same length and follow the same pattern of meter and rhyme and are used like paragraphs in a story. Some different types of stanzas are as follows:
Couplets - Couplets are stanzas of only two lines which usually rhyme
Tercets - Tercets are stanzas of three lines. The three lines may or may not have the same end rhyme. If all three lines rhyme, this type of tercet is called a triplet.

Quatrains - Quatrains are stanzas of four lines which can be written in any rhyme scheme