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Friday, September 30, 2016

CHANGE INTO PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE


CHANGE INTO PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE
We make the present continuous tense form by putting is, am or are before the –ing form of the verb.
We make the past continuous tense form by putting was or were before the –ing form of the verb.
Sentences are given in the present continuous tense. Change them into the past continuous tense.
1. I am writing a letter.
2. What are you doing there?
3. Why are you crying?
4. He is preparing for the test.
5. You are disturbing me.
6. The dog is barking.
7. The girls are learning the poem.
8. Sania and Rohan are playing with their ball.
9. Mother is watering the plants.
10. Father is fixing the stereo.
11. The girl is looking for her mother.
12. The birds are chirping.
13. The teacher is writing something on the board.
14. The wind is blowing.
Answers
1. I was writing a letter.
2. What were you doing there?
3. Why were you crying?
4. He was preparing for the test.
5. You were disturbing me.
6. The dog was barking.
7. The girls were learning the poem.
8. Sania and Rohan were playing with their ball.
9. Mother was watering the plants.
10. Father was fixing the stereo.
11. The girl was looking for her mother.
12. The birds were chirping.
13. The teacher was writing something on the board.
14. The wind was blowing.


Thursday, September 29, 2016

HAS OR HAVE


HAS OR HAVE
Use has when the subject is a singular noun or singular pronoun.
Use have when the subject is a plural noun or plural pronoun.
The first person singular pronoun ‘I’ also take have.
Complete the following sentences using has or have
1. My parents ……………….. got an old Rolls Royce.
2. She ……………… got two daughters.
3. You ………………. no right to criticize me.
4. Alice ……………… nothing to do with this.
5. …………….. you invited them to your party?
6. Ruth does not ……………. a job.
7. Where ……………. he gone?
8. You should not …………….. done this.
9. How long …………….. you been waiting here?
10. We ……………. no interest in this proposal.
11. Mark ……………. not got a girlfriend.
12. You should …………….. been more careful.
13. It ……………. been raining since yesterday.
Answers
1. My parents have got an old Rolls Royce.
2. She has got two daughters.
3. You have no right to criticize me.
4. Alice has nothing to do with this.
5. Have you invited them to your party?
6. Ruth does not have a job.
7. Where has he gone?
8. You should not have done this.
9. How long have you been waiting here?
10. We have no interest in this proposal.
11. Mark has not got a girlfriend.
12. You should have been more careful.
13. It has been raining since yesterday.


Wednesday, September 21, 2016

CONFUSING WORDS


CONFUSING WORDS
There are some words which can cause confusion if we are not careful about their spelling because they can be mistaken for another word which is very similar in spelling.
Complete the following sentences.
1. The plants are ………………… They need more water and sunlight. (die / dye)
2. The floor has a rough surface which makes …………………… very difficult. (mop / mope)
3. I was ………………… that I would win the first prize. (hope / hop)
4. It took me several days to ………………. out the paint on the walls. (scrap / scrape)
5. The bird …………………. from branch to branch (hoped / hopped)
6. The lie detection test was used to find out whether the witness had ……………….. in his statement. (lied / lain)
7. He was ………………… mad when he heard that his son had failed the test. (hoping / hopping)
Answers
1. The plants are dying. They need more water and sunlight.
2. The floor has a rough surface which makes mopping very difficult.
3. I was hoping that I would win the first prize.
4. It took me several days to scrape out the paint on the walls.
5. The bird hopped from branch to branch.
6. The lie detection test was used to find out whether the witness had lied in his statement.
7. He was hopping mad when he heard that his son had failed the test.


Thursday, September 15, 2016

VERBS WORKSHEET



VERBS WORKSHEET

Complete the following sentences using an appropriate verb form.


1. When I ………………. up in the morning, the sun ……………………
a) was waking, was shining
b) woke, was shining
c) was waking, shone
2. As I …………………. down the street, I ……………… Harry driving a Porsche.
a) walked, saw
b) was walking, saw
c) walked, was seeing
3. The lions …………………. the bull.
a) killed
b) was killed
4. The boys ……………………. for their hard work.
a) were praised
b) praised
5. The scandal …………………….. the minister to resign.
a) forced
b) was forced
6. The child …………………… from outside his home.
a) kidnapped
b) was kidnapped
7. The teacher …………………….the students to work hard.
a) advised
b) was advised
8. I ………………………. my lessons.
a) revised
b) have revised
9. As he ………………… not there, I ……………. a message with his mother.
a) was, left
b) was, was leaving
Answers
1. When I woke up in the morning, the sun was shining.
2. As I was walking down the street, I saw Harry driving a Porsche.
3. The lions killed the bull.
4. The boys were praised for their hard work.
5. The scandal forced the minister to resign.
6. The child was kidnapped from outside his home.
7. The teacher advised the students to work hard.
8. I have revised my lessons.
9. As he was not there, I left a message with his mother.

PROPER NOUNS AND COMMON NOUNS


PROPER NOUNS AND COMMON NOUNS
Common nouns are names of people, places and things in general. Examples are: mother, tiger, city and table.
Proper nouns are the names of a particular person, place or thing. Examples are: Karan, India, Jasmine, Antarctica, Greenland and Alps.
In the following sentences underline the common nouns and circle the proper nouns.
Tips:
It is easy to identify proper nouns – they always start with a capital letter.
It is easy to identify common nouns – they have both singular and plural forms.
1. The boys were flying kites on the beach.
2. There was an earthquake in Italy on Monday.
3. Radha bought a bicycle for her brother.
4. India is the seventh largest country in the world.
5. Jane, my sister, wants to be an airhostess.
6. I forgot my umbrella at home.
7. America is one of the most developed countries in the world.
8. Agra is on the banks of river Yamuna.
9. The coach was angry when the boys lost the championship.
10. Titanic is the name of the ship that sank on its maiden journey.
Answers
1. The boys were flying kites on the beach. (boys, kites and beach – common noun)
2. There was an earthquake in Italy on Monday. (earthquake – common noun; Italy and Monday – proper nouns)
3. Radha bought a bicycle for her brother. (Radha – proper noun; bicycle and brother – common nouns)
4. India is the seventh largest country in the world. (India – proper noun; country and world – common nouns)
5. Jane, my sister, wants to be an airhostess. (Jane – proper noun; sister and airhostess – common nouns)
6. I forgot my umbrella at home. (umbrella and home – common nouns)
7. America is one of the most developed countries in the world. (America – proper noun; countries and world – common nouns)
8. Agra is on the banks of river Yamuna. (Agra and Yamuna – proper nouns; banks and river – common nouns)
9. The coach was angry when the boys lost the championship. (coach, boys and championship – common nouns)
10. Titanic is the name of the ship that sank on its maiden journey. (Titanic – proper noun; ship, name and journey – common nouns)


Friday, September 9, 2016

CASH VS. CACHE








CASH VS. CACHE
As with other similar sounding words, cash and cache also cause confusion among people. Here are some tips to help you avoid these mixups.
Cash as a noun refers to “legal tender or coins that can be used to exchange goods, debt or services”. It is considered the physical form of money.
“Free pizza ‘more motivational than cash’ if you want staff to work harder”
Telegraph
“UniCredit CEO not worried bank’s cash call could overlap with Monte Paschi’s”
Reuters
“Abandoned bag of cash in Lower Sundon was found by a police dog”
BBC News
As a verb, cash means “give or obtain notes or coins for a check or money order”. The verb phrase cash in denotes “take advantage of or exploit a situation”.
“My Landlord Mom Refuses to Cash in on San Francisco’s Insane Housing Market”
VICE
“Columbia Heights cop fired over stake in check-cashing business”
Minneapolis Star Tribune
“Man charged after trying to cash $39,375 counterfeit check, authorities say”
AL.com
Meanwhile, cache as a noun refers to “a hiding place, especially one in the ground, for ammunition, food, treasures, etc.”
“Speeding Motorist Stopped, Police Discover Cache of Allegedly Stolen U.S. Mail”
Pasadena News Now
“Second cache of illegal wood found on military compound”
Myanmar Times
“Eleven militants apprehended, huge cache of arms seized in Assam”
Business Standard
In computing, cache is “a temporary storage space or memory that allows fast access to data”.
“Insecure Redis caches abused for Linux server attacks”
IT News
“RCom Brings Cache-Based Content Delivery Network”
CXOToday.com
“Quick Tip: Clearing Browser Cache and Using Back Button Browsing History in Microsoft Edge”
SuperSite for Windows
Cache may also be used as a verb which literally means “to place in a cache”.
“Could Netflix Someday Cache at Home?”
Light Reading
Basically, you can avoid using the wrong term by simply remembering their different uses. You can now place these terms in your cache of English words for writing.


Tuesday, September 6, 2016

SIMPLE PAST OR PRESENT PERFECT TENSE WORKSHEET

SIMPLE PAST OR PRESENT PERFECT TENSE 
Complete the following sentences using an appropriate simple past or present perfect tense.
1. I ………………….. her since she moved to Kolkata.
a) didn’t meet
b) haven’t met
2. The police …………………… the thieves yesterday.
a) arrested
b) have arrested
3. He ………………. voluntary retirement at the age of thirty-five.
a) took
b) has taken
4. The teacher ………………. the girl for her achievements.
a) praised
b) has praised
5. When I …………….. the door, the cat …………….. in.
a) opened, jumped
b) have opened, has jumped
c) have opened, jumped
6. This is where my mother ………………. her childhood.
a) spent
b) has spent
c) spend
7. You …………………….. me a drink.
a) have never bought
b) has never bought
8. We …………………. a gold medal in Olympics.
a) never won
b) have never won
9. I ………………….. to New Zealand.
a) never went
b) have never been
10. He ………………… in 2005.
a) graduated
b) has graduated
Answers
1. I haven’t met her since she moved to Kolkata.
2. The police arrested the thieves yesterday.
3. He took voluntary retirement at the age of thirty-five.
4. The teacher praised the girl for her achievements.
5. When I opened the door, the cat jumped in.
6. This is where my mother spent her childhood.
7. You have never bought me a drink.
8. We have never won a gold medal in Olympics.
9. I have never been to New Zealand.
10. He graduated in 2005.


SIMPLE PAST OR PRESENT PERFECT TENSE WORKSHEET

Simple past or present perfect tense worksheet
Complete the following sentences using an appropriate simple past or present perfect tense.
1. I ………………….. her since she moved to Kolkata.
a) didn’t meet
b) haven’t met
2. The police …………………… the thieves yesterday.
a) arrested
b) have arrested
3. He ………………. voluntary retirement at the age of thirty-five.
a) took
b) has taken
4. The teacher ………………. the girl for her achievements.
a) praised
b) has praised
5. When I …………….. the door, the cat …………….. in.
a) opened, jumped
b) have opened, has jumped
c) have opened, jumped
6. This is where my mother ………………. her childhood.
a) spent
b) has spent
c) spend
7. You …………………….. me a drink.
a) have never bought
b) has never bought
8. We …………………. a gold medal in Olympics.
a) never won
b) have never won
9. I ………………….. to New Zealand.
a) never went
b) have never been
10. He ………………… in 2005.
a) graduated
b) has graduated
Answers
1. I haven’t met her since she moved to Kolkata.
2. The police arrested the thieves yesterday.
3. He took voluntary retirement at the age of thirty-five.
4. The teacher praised the girl for her achievements.
5. When I opened the door, the cat jumped in.
6. This is where my mother spent her childhood.
7. You have never bought me a drink.
8. We have never won a gold medal in Olympics.
9. I have never been to New Zealand.
10. He graduated in 2005.


Sunday, September 4, 2016

POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES AND PRONOUNS


Complete the following sentences using possessive adjectives or possessive pronouns.
Possessive adjectives are words like our, my, his, her, their, your and its. They go before nouns.
Possessive pronouns are words like ours, mine, his, hers, theirs and yours.
1. This house is ……………….. (our / ours)
2. We are visiting ………………. home tomorrow. (their / theirs)
3. This is ………………. laptop. (my / mine)
4. This laptop is ………………… (my / mine)
5. She has handed in …………….. work. (her / hers)
6. He is waiting for ……………….. sister. (his / him)
7. ………………….. cupboard was full of nice clothes. (Her / Hers)
8. That house is ……………….. (their / theirs)
9. This is not …………….. bag (your / yours). It is ………………. (her / hers)
10. Are these hens ………………….(your / yours)?
11. I will buy ribbons for ……………….. curly hair. (my / mine)
Answers
1. This house is ours.
2. We are visiting their home tomorrow.
3. This is my laptop.
4. This laptop is mine.
5. She has handed in her work.
6. He is waiting for his sister.
7. Her cupboard was full of nice clothes.
8. That house is theirs.
9. This is not your bag. It is hers.
10. Are these hens yours?
11. I will buy ribbons for my curly hair.


SUBJECT AND PREDICATE


SUBJECT AND PREDICATE
Identify the subject and the predicate in the following sentences.
1. The sun was shining brightly.
2. The dogs were barking loudly.
3. The pretty girl was wearing a blue frock.
4. My younger brother serves in the army.
5. The man and his wife were working in their garden.
6. My mother and my aunt are trained classical dancers.
7. You don’t have to wait for me.
8. We will no longer tolerate this.
9. The little tree was covered with needles instead of leaves.
10. A rich merchant was passing by the shoemaker’s window.
Answers
1. The sun (subject) / was shining brightly (predicate).
2. The dogs (subject) / were barking loudly (predicate).
3. The pretty girl (subject) / was wearing a blue frock (predicate).
4. My younger brother (subject) / serves in the army (predicate).
5. The man and his wife (subject) / were working in their garden (predicate).
6. My mother and my aunt (subject) / are trained classical dancers (predicate).
7. You (subject) / don’t have to wait for me (predicate).
8. We (subject) / will no longer tolerate this (predicate).
9. The little tree (subject) / was covered with needles instead of leaves (predicate).
10. A rich merchant (subject) /was passing by the shoemaker’s window (predicate).